The University of Toronto is the birthplace of an influential school of thought for communication theory and literary criticism known as the Toronto School.    Described as “the theory of the primacy of communication in the structuring of human cultures and the structuring of the human mind,” the school is rooted in the work of Eric A. Havelock and Harold Innis and the later contributions of Edmund Snow Carpenter, Northrop Frye, and Marshall McLuhan. Since 1963, the Department of Information`s McLuhan Program in Culture and Technology has been mandated to teach and develop the Toronto school.  Omit the comma when enumerating two parameters (e.B month and year, month and date). In general, use the format “mmm d, yy”, although “d mmm y” can also be used. The researchers identified the maturation-promoting factor that regulates cell division and discovered the T-cell receptor, which triggers immune system responses.  The university is credited with isolating genes that cause Fanconi`s anemia, cystic fibrosis, and the early onset of Alzheimer`s disease, among others.  Between 1914 and 1972, the university operated the Connaught Medical Research Laboratories, which are now part of the pharmaceutical company Sanofi-Aventis.
Laboratory research included the development of gel electrophoresis.  Capital letters for a particular university; or if they are used instead of the name of the university. Unlike the constituent colleges, the colleges of Knox, Massey, Regis, St. Michael`s, Trinity, Victoria and Wycliffe continue to exist as legally separate entities, each with separate funding. While St. Michael`s, Trinity and Victoria continue to recognize their religious affiliation and heritage, since then they have adopted a secular policy of enrollment and teaching in non-divine subjects.  Some colleges have or have had their own collegial structures: Emmanuel College is a Victoria college and St. Hilda`s College is part of Trinity;   St. Joseph`s College existed as a college in St. Michael`s until its dissolution in 2006.  Ewart College existed as an affiliated college until 1991, when it was merged with Knox College.
 Knox, Regis and Wycliffe colleges award postgraduate theological degrees to Emmanuel, St. Michael`s and Trinity, including joint degrees with the university through the Toronto School of Theology.  In 2000, Kin-Yip Chun was reinstated as a university professor after filing an unsuccessful lawsuit against the university for alleged racial discrimination.  In 2017, one of his students filed a human rights petition against the university for allegedly delaying the investigation into a sexual assault and dismissing their concerns.  In 2018, the university acquitted one of its professors of allegations of discrimination and anti-Semitism as part of an internal investigation after one of its students filed a complaint.   The University of Toronto (U of T or UToronto) is a public research university located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, on the grounds surrounding Queen`s Park. It was founded in 1827 by royal charter as King`s College, the first college in Upper Canada. Originally controlled by the Church of England, the university adopted its current name in 1850 when it became a secular institution. As a collegiate university, it comprises eleven colleges, each with considerable autonomy in financial and institutional affairs and significant differences in character and history. .